Course summary psychology 105: research methods in psychology has been evaluated and recommended for 3 semester hours and may be transferred to over 2,000 colleges and universities. While quantitative research is based on numbers and mathematical calculations (aka quantitative data), qualitative research is based on written or spoken narratives (or qualitative data)qualitative and quantitative research techniques are used in marketing, sociology, psychology, public health and various other disciplines. Strengths and weakness of the qualitative research method essay 2846 words 12 pages this essay intends to compare and contrast the strengths and weaknesses of the quantitative and qualitative approaches to research which addresses young people and bullying using two journal articles. According to johnson et al mixed method research is “a class of research where the researcher mixes or combines quantitative and qualitative research techniques, methods, approaches, theories and or language into a single study. In so doing it should become apparent why a given study used a particular research method and which method might best answer a particular clinical problem box 1 study purpose : the aim of the study should be clearly stated.
In contrast to the retrospective studies that followed patients with lung cancer back in time, the prospective study was designed to follow the group forward in time in 1952, drs e cuyler hammond and daniel horn enrolled 187,783 white males in the united states in a similar prospective study. Qualitative research design methods often depend on interviews, observations, or questionnaires, etc, in order to study the social reality or the social world under running head: comparing qualitative research designs 9 inquiry through interaction with individuals participating in the study. Research design comparison/contrast search this guide search clinical research: research design comparison/contrast case control study look backward in time, from an outcome or disease to a possible exposure, intervention, or risk factor answers the question: what happened quantitative methods for health research:.
-a mix of qualitative and quantitative research should be used in all research studies -using mixed methods is not as popular a research strategy as it was a decade ago -an advantage of mixed methods research is that people are more likely to participate because the experience is enjoyable. A case study isn't a way of gathering data as such it's a research design that focuses on a bounded case rather than a population sample within a case study you can use any method but usually. Merriam (2009) acknowledges case study research can use both quantitative and qualitative methods however, when working on qualitative case studies, methods aimed at generating inductive reasoning and interpretation rather than testing hypothesis take priority.
I agree with the above answers, and think it would be useful to read a good basic text such as willig, c (2001) introducing qualitative research in psychology: adventures in theory and method. Qualitative research methods, compare and contrast the distinctions among selected methods, evaluate traditional and emerging qualitative designs within their disciplinary area, and to apply methods and techniques. Different research methods, including the case study method, can be determined by the kind of research question that a study is trying to address (eg, shavelson & towne, 2002, pp 99–106. 4 five qualitative approaches to inquiry i n this chapter, we begin our detailed exploration of narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case studies. A case study is based on an in-depth investigation of a single individual, group, or event to explore causation in order to find underlying principles it may involve the collection of both qualitative and quantitative like documents, archival records, interviews, direct observation, participant-observation, physical artifacts.
Qualitative case study research, as described by stake , draws together “naturalistic, holistic, ethnographic, phenomenological, and biographic research methods” in a bricoleur design, or in his words, “a palette of methods” (stake, 1995, pp xi–xii. Triangulation is accomplished by asking the same research questions of different study participants and by collecting data from different sources and by using different methods to answer these research questions. In contrast to qualitative researchers credibility methods, quantitative researchers use internal validity methods to establish trustworthiness quantitative researchers evaluate trustworthiness by how well the threats to internal validity have been controlled, and the validity of the instruments and measurements used in a study. Page - 1 qualitative methodologies: ethnography, phenomenology, grounded theory and more qualitative methods there are a great many of these, so i shall have to be selective i’m sure you’ll find more, but some transpersonal research methods for the social sciences sage: london.
One of the key differences between a case study and phenomenology that one can identify is that a case study is a research method that allows the researcher to comprehend an individual, a group or else a particular event. Phenomenology is the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view the central structure of an experience is its intentionality, its being directed toward something, as it is an experience of or about some object. Because of the investment in this type of research and the relatively few number of participants, findings from qualitative research cannot be generalized to the whole population however, such research serves as a spring board for larger studies and deeper understanding that can inform theory, practice, and specific situations.
A choice between research methods rests fundamentally on a set of decisions about the questions a researcher wants to answer and the practicality of gathering the kind of data that will answer those questions the first step is to look for an obvious fit. Qualitative research and case study applications in education: revised and expanded from case study research in education leon festinger, henry riecken and stanley schachter (1964) when prophecy fails: a social and psychological study of a modern group that predicted the destruction of the world. Compare and contrast inductive and deductive research approaches by l karen soiferman inductive and deductive research approaches 3 introduction trochim (2006) refers to two “broad methods of reasoning as the inductive and deductive are more comprehensive and more detailed than is the case in qualitative research in qualitative. While defining quantitative and qualitative research based on their uses and purposes may be considered a practical approach for researcher, the difference actually lies on their roots: quality and quantity.